Istanbul Airport Advent
Istanbul Ataturk Airport ( IST )
The first aerodrome in Istanbul was opened in Yesilkoy in 1912 for military purposes.In consequence of International Civil Aviation Convention undersigned in Chicago in 1944, it was decided to found an international airport in Istanbul/Yesilkoy. A contract was signed with Westinghouse Electric International Company and the IG White Engineering Corporation for the construction of this airport in 1947. Construction began in 1949 and completed in 1953 and the airport put into service on August 1, 1953 dedicated as Yesilkoy Airport.
The aerodrome consisted of Runway 06/24, taxiways, 10,000 square meters modern passenger terminal, maintenance hangars, radio receiver-transmitter equipment and a secondary power source in accordance with that period’s technology.As Runway 06/24 became insufficient with the development of international civil aviation, a new runway was decided to be constructed. The constuction of Runway 18/36, which is 45 meters long by 3,000 meters wide, was started in 1968 and was completed in 1972.
In 1971, a new master plan was put into effect for Yesilkoy Airport.The plan consisted of 4 terminal buildings each of which has a capacity of 5 million passengers per year and complementaries besides the Runways 06/24 and 18/36. The project by Architect Hayati TABANLIOĞLU included Turkish Airlines Hangar Facilities, Cargo Terminal Facilities, Air Traffic Control Tower and Technical Block, Lighting System, Electric Distribution System, reconstruction of Runway 06/24, Aircraft Fuel Facilities and other related facilities. The International Terminal included in the project under consideration was opened on October 29, 1983.
In 1985, with the modern appearance it was re-dedicated as Atatürk Airport.As a result of the development of air cargo transportation, Cargo Terminal Facilities were put into service in 1993. Terminal C began to operate on December 7, 1995 in order to serve on increasing charter traffic and suitcase trade arose by the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Terminal C was closed up for the passenger services on January 16, 2000 and started operating for cargo operations of private companies. A new international terminal was decided to be constructed in Built-Operate-Transfer model to meet the increasing passenger capacity. A project was established by a project competition and consequently the construction adjudication of a facility in Built-Operate-Transfer ( BOT ) model based on offering a period of time for management in return for investment to be made and construction and management services was carried out by DHMI.
Tepe Group, Akfen Group and Vienna Airport Consortium won the contract by giving the best bid. The construction area of a terminal with a 20 million passengers per year capacity and a multi-storey car park with a 7076 vehicle capacity was conceded on February 17, 1998. Following the opening ceremony on January 3, 2000, terminal began to operate on January 10, 2000. The international terminal is being operated by the company founded as TAV Investment Construction Management Company after the undersigning of the contract.In 2001, TAV negotiated an amendment to their BOT Agreement with DHMI to include an extension to complete International Terminal.
Exchange for an extension to the period of time TAV would be allowed to operate the terminal in the agreement. Under the terms of the amendment, the terminal floor space has been increased by 30 percent, and TAV’s operating period has been extended from May 2004 until July 2005. In May 2004, the extension construction was completed. Terminal extension increased the passenger handling capacity of the terminal from 14 million to 20 million annual passengers and also included an airside and landside hotel and expanded VIP terminal facilities.
Istanbul Sabiha Gokcen Airport ( SAW )
Sabiha Gökçen Airport is getting ready to open new horizons for Turkey, just like the woman combat pilot of Turkey that it is named after. The Airport which is the first step towards the Advanced Technology Industry Park project, which shall serve the country in numerous fields such as transportation, foreign trade, aviation and technology, shall act as a leader for conversion of the region into a technology base in the future. Just like Sabiha Gökçen leading the way to Turkish women in undertaking equal roles with men in all fields of business, years ago.